San Gimignano is a small walled medieval hill town in the province of Siena, Tuscany, north-central Italy. Known as the Town of Fine Towers, San Gimignano is famous for its medieval architecture, unique in the preservation of about a dozen of its tower houses, which, with its hilltop setting and encircling walls form “an unforgettable skyline”. Within the walls, the well-preserved buildings include notable examples of both Romanesque and Gothic architecture, with outstanding examples of secular buildings as well as churches. The Palazzo Comunale, the Collegiate Church and Church of Sant’ Agostino contain frescos, including cycles dating from the 14th and 15th centuries. The “Historic Centre of San Gimignano”, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The town also is known for the saffron, the Golden Ham and its white wine, Vernaccia di San Gimignano, produced from the ancient variety of Verna
PROVINCE OF SIENA
Population (31 May 2009)
The Province of Siena (Italian: Provincia di Siena) is a province in the Tuscany region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Siena.
The province is divided into seven historical areas:
1. Alta Val d’Elsa
2. Chianti senese
3. The urban area of (Monteriggioni and Siena)
4. Val di Merse
5. Crete senesi Val d’Arbia
6. Val di Chiana senese
7. Val d’Orcia and Amiata
The area is a hilly one: in the north is Colline del Chianti; Monte Amiata is the highest point at 1,738 metres (5,702Êft); and in the south is Monte Cetona. To the west are the Colline Metallifere (ÒMetallic HillsÓ), whilst the Val di Chiana lies to east. Historically, the province corresponds to the former Republic of Siena.
The chief occupations are agricultural (wheat, grapes and fruit) and silk culture. The wine known as Chianti is produced here as well as in other parts of Tuscany: the Chianti Colli Senesi, however, is limited to this province.
Apart from the city of Siena the principal towns are Poggibonsi, Colle di Val d’Elsa, Montepulciano.